扁平城市:数字通信技术进步背景下世界城市发展的新趋向及对中国的启示

发布日期:2018-08-16 点击次数:12  字体显示:【大】  【中】  【小】

 

扁平城市:数字通信技术进步背景下世界城市发展的新趋向及对中国的启示

Flat City: Development Trend of World Cities Under the Influence of Digital Communication Technology Progress and Its Enlightenment to China

黄晶 帕特里克·康登

关键词:城市化;成熟城市;新兴城市;扁平;数字化通信技术

Keywords:Urbanization; Mature City; Emerging City; Flat; Digital Communication Technology

摘要:世界范围内不同国家城市化呈现出不同类型。既有经历了第一、二次城市浪潮而形成的成熟城市,也有正在发展的新兴城市。数字通信技术的进步影响了成熟城市与新兴城市的功能和形态,它们的发展暗示着一种新的城市趋向——“扁平城市”。扁平城市是在城市中任何区域能够获得经济与信息自由的城市,它避免长距离延伸基础设施,降低人均碳排放量。数字通信技术的发展也影响着中国人的生活:城市组织方式由“职能中心”向“综合组团”转变、道路由“运输型”向“生活型”转变以及发展彼此关联、功能相互补充的小型城市中心将有助于中国城市的扁平化。扁平城市对土地与能源相对紧张的中国城市的发展具有重要参考意义。

Abstract:Different countries have different types of urbanization. There are “mature cities” that have grown during the first and second urbanization waves and “emerging cities” that are currently forming. These two types of cities’ form and function have been changed because of the development of Digital Communication Technologies and therefore, a new type of city development, one we might call the ‘flat city”, appears. “Flat city” is a city within which economic development and information freedom can be achieved anywhere. It helps to avoid the over extension of infrastructure and reduce per capita GHG. Meanwhile, the Chinese people’s lives are influenced by Digital Communication Technologies. Due to the development of flat city, urban structure transforms from once dominated by a “functional center” to one dominated by “comprehensive community clusters”; urban road function changes from “transportation priority” to “life priority”; and more small-scale city centers which are connected each other and complemented in functions are created. The concept of flat city is an important reference for the development of Chinese cities whose land and energy resource are under increasing strain.

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基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51508516);国家留学基金委资助项目(留金 法[2014]5035 号)

作者简介: 黄晶,博士,郑州大学建筑学院,副教授。jingdraa@163.com 帕特里克· 康登(通信作者),加拿大英属哥伦比亚大学建筑与风景园林学院教授。pcondon@sala.ubc.ca  

来源:《国际城市规划》2018年第2期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.035